Implicações da COVID-19 para indivíduos com transtornos relacionado ao uso de substâncias psicoativas: revisão overview

Rosa Jacinto Volpato, Divane de Vargas, Caroline Figueira Pereira, Dionasson Altivo Marques, Rogerio da Silva Ferreira, Thiago Faustino Aguilar, Sheila Ramos de Oliveira

Resumo


Objetivo: explorar as implicações biopsicossociais da COVID-19 para indivíduos com transtornos relacionado ao uso de substâncias psicoativas, bem como as estratégias de atenção a essa população durante o surto de SARS-CoV-2. Método: estudo descritivo que incluiu diferentes desenhos de estudos em bases de dados virtuais para mostrar o crescimento do número de publicações na área da saúde mental com ênfase em álcool e outras drogas durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Para isso, foram selecionadas duas bases de dados (Biblioteca Cochrane, via Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews e Medline, via PubMed). Resultados: pessoas com transtornos relacionados ao uso das substâncias psicoativas geralmente apresentam condições de saúde pré-existentes que podem indicar maior risco a infecção por COVID-19. Por outro lado, indivíduos que já faziam o uso de substâncias, podem se beneficiar do uso para alívio temporário da ansiedade causada por essa situação, aumentando os riscos de uso nocivo. Conclusão: questões biológicas, individuais (cognitivo comportamentais) e sociais afetam sobremaneira indivíduos com transtornos relacionados ao uso de substâncias psicoativas colocando-os em alto risco para o contágio e desenvolvimento da COVID-19.


Palavras-chave


Usuários de drogas; Transtornos relacionados ao uso de substâncias; Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas; Pandemias; COVID-19.

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Fator de Impacto ISI- International Scientific Indexing

JCR 0.852 (2017-2018)

JCR 1.021 (2018-2019)

JCR 1.254 (2019-2020)

Qualis CAPES: B4

Índice H: 15,0

Índice i10: 29,0

ISSN Online: 2179-0981 / ISSN Impresso: 2316-848X